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Resources

Publications of the European Students' Union:

Communiqués of the Bologna Process:
  • The Prague Communiqué (2001). Towards the European Higher Education Area. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.
  • The Berlin Communiqué (2003). Realising the European Higher Education Area. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.
  • The Bergen Communiqué (2005). The European Higher Education Area, Achieving the Goals. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.
  • The London Communiqué (2007). Towards the European Higher Education Area: Responding to Challenges in a Globalised World. Communiqué of the Conference of Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.
  • The Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué (2009). The Bologna Process 2020—The European Higher Education Area in the New Decade. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.
  • The Bucharest Communiqué (2012). Making the Most of Our Potential: Consolidating the European Higher Education Area. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education.

Declarations of the Bologna Process:
  • Bologna declaration of 19 June 1999. Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education.
  • Budapest-Vienna Declaration on the European Higher Education Area 10 March 2010. Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education.

Other useful publications:
  • Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Planning Association 35 (4): 216–24.
  • Costes, C., Crozier, F., Cullen, P., Grifoll, J., Harris, N., Helle, H., Hopbach, A., Kekäläinen, H., Knezevic, B., Sits, T. and Sohm, K. (2008). Quality Procedures in the European Higher Education Area and Beyond — Second ENQA Survey. European Association for Quality Assurance of Higher Education: Helsinki, Finland. An electronic version available at http://www.enqa.eu/files/ENQA%20Occasional%20papers%2014.pdf(external link)
  • Crosier, D., Purser, L. and Smidt, H. (2007). Trends v: Universities shaping the European higher Education area. A European Universities Association report. An electronic version of the report is available at http://www.eua.be/fileadmin/user_upload/files/publications/final_trends_reportmay_10.pdf(external link)
  • European Commission (2009). Report on Progress in Quality Assurance in Higher Education. A report from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Com (2009) 487 final, 21 September 2009. An electronic version of the report is available at http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher-education/doc/report09_en.pdf(external link)
  • Gibbs, G. (2010, September). Dimensions of Quality. The Higher Education Academy: York. An electronic version available at http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/assets/documents/evidence_informed_practice/Dimensions_of_Quality.pdf(external link)
  • Harvey, L. and Green, D. (1993). Defining Quality. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 18(1): 9–34.
  • The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (2005). Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area. European Association for Quality Assurance: Helsinki, Finland. An electronic version of the guidelines is available at http://www.eqar.eu/fileadmin/documents/e4/050221_ENQA_report.pdf(external link)
  • The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (2009). Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area. An electronic version of the report is available at http://www.enqa.eu/files/ESG_3edition%20(2).pdf(external link)
  • The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, European Students’ Union, European Universities Association and European Association of Higher Education Institutions (2011). Mapping the Implementation and Application of the ESG (MAP-ESG Project)—Final Report of the Project Steering Group. European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Brussels, Belgium. An electronic version of the report is available at http://www.enqa.eu/files/op_17_web.pdf(external link)
  • McGrath C.H., Henham M. L., Corbett A., Durazzi N., Frearson M., Janta B., Kamphuis B. W., Katashiro E., Brankovic N., Guerin B., Manville C., Schwartz I., Schweppenstedde D. (2014). Higher Education Entrance Qualifications and Exams in Europe: A Comparison (Prutsch, M. J., editor). The European Parliament: Brussels, Belgium. An electronic version of the report is available here http://www.esu-online.org/resourcehandler/b7932387-7b41-4ac9-89ef-38ba0c3ed858/(external link)